Liberty is another word for freedom. There is a difference between civil rights and civil liberties. "Civil rights" protect you from unfair treatment under the law. "Civil liberties" are basic rights that are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights and the US Constitution or by interpretation of those rights by courts and lawmakers. Civil liberties include freedom of speech, the right to privacy, the right to be free of unreasonable searches of your home, the right to a fair court trial, the right to marry, the right to vote, the right to own property, and other civil liberties protected by law.